The core ideological features of Marxism-Leninism include the belief that a revolutionary proletarian class would not emerge automatically from capitalism. Instead, there was the need for a professional revolutionary vanguard party to lead the working class in the violent overthrow of capitalism, to be followed by a dictatorship of the proletariat as the first stage of moving toward communism.

When it comes to classifying populations in society, Marxism-Leninism saw the developing society is stratified into two simple classes, namely the bourgeoisie and the working class. The bourgeoisie are defined as owners of capital or means of production, whereas the working class owned nothing except their labor. This interesting topic came to us from the Zimbabwe Independent in their article, “Social bases changes — Beyond the Marxist-Leninist taxonomy.

Various economic structures push back against this theory, of course. There are game changers like a particular industry collapsing or experiencing extreme growth. This changes the social dynamics and the economic landscape. Zimbabwe is a prime example of such a shift.

Melody K. Smith

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